Glenvale Veterinary Clinic
Autumn 2011 Newsletter

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dog meat

Did you know that feeding fresh PET MINCE and fresh PACKAGED PET MEAT can cause sickness and death in cats and dogs?

Assume that all fresh PET MEAT, PET MINCE and non-cooked pet food rolls will contain sulphur preservatives (found in the huge refrigerated mass of packaged pet meat in supermarkets). Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is destroyed by sulphur preservatives. These can also be labelled as Preservatives 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, & 228.

When sulphur preserved meat is fed alone or at the same time as thiamine containing foods, the thiamine in all the food is destroyed & a thiamine deficient state can result. The feeding of sulphite treated meat to pets on a regular basis may lead to potentially fatal thiamine deficiency.

Symptoms of thiamine deficiency in cats:
Dilated pupils, wobbly walking, muscle tremors, behavioural changes, downward bending of the head and neck, head tilt, circling, convulsions and death.

Symptoms of thiamine deficiency in dogs: (Signs are less specific)
Any neural deficit. Depression, unsteady, drunken movement, circling, head tilt, weakness, altered mental state, seizures (fits), combinations of the above and death.

SULPHUR PRESERVATIVES can do the following:

  • delay spoilage
  • decrease odour
  • preserve the red colour of the meat
  • increase the shelf life and palatability of cooked meat

It is recommended that a balanced commercial pet food (tinned or dry) be substituted for these foods. If fresh meat must be fed, meat purchased for human consumption is preservative free.

Chocolate Poisoning


Easter = chocolate for most of us. Dogs love the smell & taste but if they eat too much it is toxic to their heart, brain, stomach & intestines. They show signs of vomiting, diarrhoea, increased urination, restlessness & seizures. More advanced signs are stiffness, weakness, coma & in extreme cases can lead to death (cardiac failure). The poisonous ingredients are methylxanthine alkaloids – primarily theobromine & caffeine.


Baking chocolate 16
Semisweet chocolate 9
Milk chocolate 2
Hot chocolate 0.4
White chocolate 0.05

Lethal dose is 100 – 200 mg/kg body weight. For example, a 7kg dog = 450g milk chocolate or 150mg baking chocolate.

So keep those chocolate Easter eggs and caffeine stimulant tablets hidden not only from the family, but also from the hound.

Behaviour Problem or Problem Behaviour?

Behaviour related problems that owners can have with their pets can be categorised in two main areas – problem behaviours and behaviour problems. Behaviour problems and problem behaviours may be presented to veterinarians when an owner finds it difficult to live with a pet’s behaviour. The behaviour may be worrying, dangerous, offensive or annoying to the owner.

So, what’s the difference between a behaviour problem and problem behaviour?

Problem Behaviours can be considered as behaviours that are normal for the pet to exhibit but are unacceptable to the owner or the community. They generally occur due to lack of understanding of the behavioural needs of pets, through lack of training of the pet, insufficient training of the pet or inappropriate training. For example, a dog that jumps up when greeting people at the door may be due to the normal exuberance of the dog when seeing people, especially if it has been alone all day with no environmental (psychological or physical) stimulation.

The dog may also have been encouraged to jump up when it was a puppy when this behaviour was considered not only cute but also acceptable. The dog may also have never been taught that sitting while being greeted was the behaviour preferred by the owner or guests. These problem behaviours generally respond to improved training and / or management strategies. A Behaviour Problem is different. They can be considered as behaviours that may be normal or abnormal but are excessive in duration and or intensity, or are exhibited in response to stimuli that should not elicit this response.

The behaviour may be parts of or complete behaviour patterns that may be normal for the species but they will be performed out of context – either at the wrong time or in response to the wrong stimulus, in the wrong place or to a greater extent that is expected. They may also be behaviours that are abnormal. They are detrimental to the pet as well as the owner and or community. Examples include compulsive disorders, self mutilation and phobias. Behaviour problems respond to medical treatment because they are medial problems. Treatment involves three key areas: environmental management, behaviour modification and often medication.

If you would like any further information on problem behaviours and behaviour problems, please speak to one or our nurses or make an appointment for your pet to be seen by Dr. Nicholls.

X-Out Pet Odour Eliminator

X-Out Pet Odour Eliminator is a product we have recently come across that has proven itself to be the best pet odour eliminator we have seen!

And better yet, it is made from organic plant extracts and is 100% safe for pets, people, plants and the environment. Unlike harsh chemicals that simply mask odours with a scented formula, x-outs enzyme producing bacteria naturally digests odours while actually preventing odours from recurring, so your pets and their areas stay odour free for longer.

X-Out Pet Odour Eliminator is an organic odour eliminator that is strong enough to remove stubborn odours such as pet urine, yet is gentle on your hands. Unlike chemical cleaners that have toxic fumes, X-Out has almost no smell, so it is safe to use – even in confined spaces and public facilities.

X-out Australia guarantees to easily solve your everyday pet odour problems, or you will receive a full 100% refund!

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